Variant does apologetics press carbon dating share
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Yet, this was exactly the case with a famous Neanderthal fossil discovered in a peat bog near Hamburg, Germany. There simply were not any fossils that shed light on this period. But a single discovery dated by Professor Reiner Protsch cleared up the picture. Many years ago, he was invited to date the famous skull, which he later pronounced to be the vital missing link between Neanderthals and modern humans. Finally, thanks to Protsch, the gap had been filled. All the pieces were in place.
I say this because he fails to understand a crucial point about the dating method and also because 6 of his 11 references are from creationist authors. Major mentions five points that he considers weaknesses of the radiocarbon method. The one he considers most critical is what he claims to be the assumption that the rates of C production and decay are in a state of balance and have been in balance during the age range for which the method is suitable.
In other words, the system of carbon- 14 production and decay is said to be in a state of balance or equilibrium. When the method was first developed in the late s and for a few years afterward, the method did make the assumption mentioned. As a rough approximation, the assumption is valid. However, as an increasing number of carbon dates were obtained, including many on objects of known age, it became clear that the assumption was not strictly true.
This fact has been known to the scientific community for several decades and correction factors have been developed to adjust for the fact that the production rate of carbon in the atmosphere has not been completely constant over the past few thousand years.
In other words, modern radiocarbon dating uses a calibration method to correct for the problem that Major views as a critical weakness of the method.
But curiously, even though these correction methods have been in use for several decades, Major fails to discuss them. It seems clear that he did not study the method well enough to be aware of the use of these correction and calibration methods. The fact that the raw uncorrected dates must be corrected for the less than perfect equilibrium in no way invalidates the method.
To use an analogy, if you had a yardstick that was only 34 inches long rather than 36, it would still be usable, provided that you knew the details of its imperfection. To me, an interesting question is why did Trevor Major make such an elementary mistake? He is obviously an intelligent man and according to his writing, he has a masters degree in science. Why is his writing on this subject so substandard?
Although my opinion is only a guess, let me suggest some reasons. The first reason may be that because of his religious beliefs, he relied too heavily on previous creationist authors who, in many cases, are not competent scientists. I have previously noted that 6 out of 11 of his references are creationist references.
This bookmark contains information on the lack of transitional fossils, a discussion of mutations, and the flaws of carbon dating, among other things. [email protected] Once believed to be a world-renowned expert on carbon dating, Protsch's entire professional career is now being questioned. The university noted: "The commission finds that Prof. Protsch has forged and manipulated scientific facts over the past 30 years" ("Anthropologist Resigns "). Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi , Genes, Peoples, and Languages (New York: North Point Press). Dahmer, Lionel, D. Kouznetsov, et al. , "Report on Chemical Analysis and Further Dating of Dinosaur Bones and Dinosaur Petroglyphs," Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Creationism, ed. Robert E. Walsh and Christopher L. Brooks (Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship).
Another reason is the natural tendency of anyone to avoid looking at information that conflicts with strongly held beliefs. He went to the nearby rock quarry from which the stones were cut, and found more teeth like those that his wife had discovered. He presented the teeth to several scientists, but none agreed with him that they were from some type of heretofore-unknown creature.
Jun 16, The Day the Mesozoic Died: The Asteroid That Killed the Dinosaurs - HHMI BioInteractive Video - Duration: biointeractive 6, views. Apologetics Press, Inc. According to evolutionary scientists, radiocarbon dating (also known as carbon dating) is totally ineffective in measuring time when dealing with millions of years. Simply put, radiocarbon dating can never be used to get accurate ages measured in millions or billions of years. In addition, carbon dating has been shown to be far from perfect in measuring organic material. Seals that were freshly killed have been dated at 1, years old.
He, however, was stubbornly sure that they were. Several years later, more teeth like these were discovered in a different quarry. Now, no one doubted that Iguanodon had once existed. Meanwhile, huge bones of another creature which came to be known as Megalosaurus had been dug up farther away in Oxfordshire. Byenough of these kinds of fossils had been uncovered to convince the leading British anatomist, Sir Richard Owen of the British Museum of Natural History, that an entire tribe of huge, lizard-like reptiles had lived in the distant past.
Lakes showed his find to the well-known paleontologist, Othniel Marsh. Now, no one who bothered to keep up with the times doubted the existence of the dinosaurs. Evolutionists advocate that dinosaurs evolved from some ancient reptile million years ago, and that they became extinct roughly million years ago. Man in one form or another allegedly evolved approximately million years ago, and thus was separated from the dinosaurs by some 65 million years of geologic time.
Genesis informs us that all creatures were created during the Creation week cf. Thus, the inescapable conclusion is that dinosaurs and man would have lived together on the Earth as contemporaries. Truth be told, dinosaurs and men did coexist as contemporaries.
There is no other conclusion that respects the clear, compelling statements of the inspired Word of God. Consider, to choose just one example, the following statements from John N. Clayton of South Bend, Indiana: 1 If dinosaurs existed million years before Adam and Eve it does not present any problem to a literal understanding of the Genesis record b, p.
Clearly man has become the dominant form of life on the Earth only in modern times, but where Adam and Eve fitted into this picture is unclear b, p. Tradition has said that the first verse is an instantaneous event and that verses detail how it was done. It does not seem to this writer that this interpretation is consistent with the flow of the language and the message Could not dinosaurs and many other forms have been involved in the production of an Earth ready for man?
I further submit for your consideration that some time may be involved in this verse and that natural processes may have been used as well as miraculous ones to prepare the Earth for manpp.
Re - Radiometric Dating Debunked in 3 Minutes
The things God had made. How long had they perceived those things? Since the creation of the world! Adam 1 Corinthians ; Romans and Eve 1 Timothy And that includes the dinosaurs!
The evidence, however, reveals an entirely different story.
Hubbard found elegant drawings of an elephant, an ibex, a dinosaur, and other animals. Hubbard also noted: The fact that some prehistoric man made a pictograph of a dinosaur on the walls of this canyon upsets completely all of our theories regarding the antiquity of man The fact that the animal is upright and balanced on its tail would seem to indicate that the prehistoric artist must have seen it alivepp. Left: Edmontosaurus courtesy of Paul S.
Taylor, Eden Communications. Right: Petroglyph discovered by Dr. Samuel Hubbard in Havai Supai Canyon courtesy of www. Nearby, Dr. Question: How could Indians have known how to draw such a perfect picture of an animal the dinosaur that they never had seen or had described to them by someone who had seen it?
Gould addressed the same issue when he wrote: Mammals evolved at the end of the Triassic, at the same time as dinosaurs, or just a tad later. Their sixty million years of success following the demise of the dinosaurs has been something of an afterthoughtp. It thus is completely unthinkable, in evolutionary terms, that dinosaurs and advanced mammals like elephants or giraffes could have co-existed.
Again, however, Dr. However, a discovery reported in the January 13,issue of Nature challenged everything evolutionists have ever maintained regarding dinosaurs and mammals. Not only do we now have additional proof of mammals coexisting with dinosaurs, but we also have scientific evidence of a large mammal eating a dinosaur!
The authors discovered the fossil remains of two different mammals. Yaoming Hu and his colleagues noted:. Since dinosaurs are supposed to have died out 65 million years ago, that means the primate would have lived with the dinosaurs for at least 20 million years. Ica Burial Stones Javier Cabrera Darquea came into possession of his first burial stone from the Ica section of the country of Peru when he was given one as a paperweight for his birthday.
Ironically, he could recall his own father also possessing similar oddly carved stones that his family found in their fields in the s. Darquea sought out the origin of his unique gift, in an effort to amass a collection of these unique stones, and eventually assembled over 11, of them.
The rocks turned out to be ancient burial stones that the Inca Indians placed with their dead. Almost one-third of the stones depicted specific types of dinosaurs such as Triceratops and Stegosaurus and various pterosaurs. The type of art form represented by these stones, and their location, dated them to the time of the Inca Culture, c. How could these ancient Indians have known the anatomy of these creatures if they never had witnessed them firsthand?
Image courtesy of www. In the s, the Indian historian and chronicler of the Incas, Juan de Santa Cruz Llamgui, wrote about the engraved stones. He noted that Conquistadors had taken some of the stones back to Spain, and wrote that at the time of the Inca Pachachuti, many carved stones had been found in the kingdom of Chinca, in Chinchayunga.
On October 3,the OJO, Lima Domingoa major newspaper based in Lima, Peru, reported a Spanish priest traveling in the area of Ica ininquiring about the unusual stones that had strange animals carved on them.
These reports verify that the stones were in existence long before those discovered by Dr.
It deals with scientific evidences that militate against evolution and point toward creation. This bookmark contains information on the lack of transitional fossils, a discussion of mutations, and the flaws of carbon dating, among other things.\uc\/p\ue"}. Apologetics Press, Inc. An article in the January National Geographic boldly proclaimed: "No human being has ever seen a live dinosaur" ("Age of the Dinosaurs," , ). The evidence, however, reveals an entirely different story. Apologetics Press article on Carbon The article is by Trevor Major, who apparently has some education in science. He presents the basic theory behind the C method in a clear and understandable manner. However, his experience with dating methods is apparently limited to a superficial review that focused mainly on writing by other.
Since that time, other investigators have had the opportunity to observe stones in Nasca tombs, as well as to inspect the entire Darquea collection. Inhowever, dermal frills were found during an examination of fossilized remains of sauropods. The fossilized skin demonstrates that a median row of [dermal] spines was present Some are quite narrow, and others are broader and more conical Also, the skin of many of the carved dinosaurs resembled bumpy rosettes.
For many years, scientists pointed to this as proof that these stones were not scientifically accurate. However, more recent discoveries of fossilized dinosaur skin and embryos have silenced the critics.
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In more than one report, these bumpy rosettes have been identified and discussed. In fact, one of the discoveries comes from the same continent as the Ica burial stones.
Luis Chiappe and colleagues discussed sauropod dinosaur embryos, noting: The general skin pattern consists of round, non-overlapping, tubercle-like scales Again, we must ask: How could the Incas have drawn such accurate pictures of dinosaurs if they never had seen the animals or had them described by someone who had seen them?
Visitors to this site will see where the White River has carved meandering paths through the sandstone rock. Three natural bridges have formed where these wandering streams have undercut the above rock formations: Sipapu Bridge the second largest natural bridge in the world ; Kachina Bridge; and Owachomo Bridge.
It is at Kachina Bridge where an Indian petroglyph depicting a dinosaur was discovered. In fact, visitors to the site can see three or four drawings that appear to be dinosaur-like creatures.
Francis Barnes, an evolutionist and widely recognized authority on rock art of the American Southwest, had this to say about this find just outside of Blanding, Utah: There is a petroglyph in Natural Bridges National Monument that bears a startling resemblance to a dinosaur, specifically a Brontosauruswith long tail and neck, small head and all. In the San Rafael Swell, there is a pictograph that looks very much like a pterosaur, a Cretaceous flying reptile.
Such anomalous rock art figures can be explained away, but they still tend to cast doubt upon the admittedly flimsy relative-time age-dating schemes used by archaeologists Barnes and Pendleton,pp. From his elevated vantage point, Mr.
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Julsrud spotted some partially exposed, hewn stones and a ceramic object half buried in the dirt. After climbing off his horse, he dug the stones and a few ceramic pieces out of the ground. Being somewhat archaeologically astute, Julsrud immediately realized that these artifacts were unlike anything that he had ever seen.
The objects he held in his hand seemed distinctively different than those from other known Indian cultures. He eventually worked out a deal with a local farmer to excavate these precious pieces.
Eventually, over 33, figurines and artifacts of ceramic and stone including some in jade were uncovered. A key feature of this discovery was the fact that many of the artifacts were highly detailed dinosaur figurines. Charles Hapgood, a professor of history and anthropology at Keene State College of the University of New Hampshirebecame interested in the figurines and decided to investigate firsthand.
Initially, Hapgood was a self-confessed but open-minded skeptic.
Apologetics press carbon dating
However, after witnessing the excavations even going so far as to dictate specific locations for the workers doing the diggingand after examining the figurines personally, he became a believer.
He made his first visit to Acambaro inreturned on numerous occasions, and eventually authored a book about his eighteen years of research into the figurines see Hapgood, Consider the following measures, enacted to establish the authenticity of the Acambaro collection: When Teledynes Isotopes laboratories performed dating tests on the carbon deposited during firing on ceramic samples submitted by Hapgood, dates of up to B.
Arthur M. Radiocarbon dating performed by Dr. Froelich Rainey in the laboratories of the University indicated that this culture may have been developed between 6, and 3, years ago. Additional tests using thermoluminescence method of dating pottery were performed.
They produced dates of up to 4, B. Before Presentor B. Retesting was done, and it was announced that because of anomalous factors in the clays it was impossible to determine an accurate date Hapgood, p.
Hapgood, p. Consider also the fact that teeth from an extinct ice-age horse, the skeleton of a woolly mammoth, and a number of human skulls also were found at the same site as the ceramic artifacts. Thus, the collection had evidence of extinct animals, human skulls, and dinosaur carvings from the same culture of people.
But how could this be? InDennis Swift who also was personally acquainted with Javier Darquea of Peru made a trip to view the figurines. After receiving permission from the local authorities, he began to unwrap the ceramic figures.
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